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City of Langford

Live the lifestyle.

Wildlife Awareness

Humans and wildlife, including bears and cougars, have co-existed for centuries.  Bear and cougar events/sightings have historically been very rare within Langford boundaries and when sightings do happen, they are more likely to occur in those areas which border our vastly wooded areas.


Stay Safe and Be Mindful

Bears are naturally curious and drawn to the smell of food, if a bear doesn't find food it will likely move along. Here are some suggestions to avoid attracting bears to your home:

  1. Keep all garbage in a secure area until collection day
  2. Manage your compost to reduce odours
  3. Ensure your barbecue is clean and odour-free
  4. Feed pets indoors
  5. Pick fruit as soon as it ripens
  6. Only feed birds during the winter months

Follow these tips when using marked hiking trails:

  1. Make noise, talk loudly, sing, clap your hands, use a bear bell
  2. Be alert and watch for scat, tracks, strange smells, vegetation that has been trampled 
  3. Hike in groups and keep children close by
  4. Keep your dog leashed to avoid provoking a bear
  5. Hike only during daylight hours, bears are most active at dawn and dusk

What to Do if You Encounter a Bear

  1. Remain calm and don't panic
  2. Don't make eye contact
  3. Make yourself as large as possible
  4. Speak in a calm voice, don't yell or scream
  5. Back away slowly and don't run as this may provoke a pursuit

Report Bear Sightings

Under the Wildlife Act, all large wildlife (bears, cougars, deer etc.) fall to the Province of BC and its Conservation Officer Service for protection and management. To report a bear sighting (or any wildlife sighting), call 1.877.952.7277 or email


What to Do if You Encounter a Cougar

  1. Pick up children immediately - Children frighten easily and the noise and movements they make could provoke an attack
  2. Back away slowly, ensuring that the animal has a clear avenue of escape
  3. Make yourself look as large as possible and keep the cougar in front of you at all times. Never run or turn your back on a cougar, sudden movement may provoke an attack
  4. If a cougar shows interest or follows you, respond aggressively, maintain eye contact with the cougar, show your teeth and make loud noise. Arm yourself with rocks or sticks as weapons
  5. If a cougar attacks, fight back, convince the cougar you are a threat and not prey, use anything you can as a weapon.  Focus your attack on the cougar's face and eyes. Use rocks, sticks, bear spray or personal belongings as weapons. You are trying to convince the cougar that you are a threat, and are not prey.

For More Information

Pamphlets are also available at Langford City Hall, 2nd Floor, 877 Goldstream Avenue, Langford, BC V9B 2X8, 250.478-7882. 


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